حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، أَخْبَرَنَا مَالِكٌ، عَنْ سُمَىٍّ، مَوْلَى أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ عَنْ أَبِي صَالِحٍ السَّمَّانِ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ ـ رضى الله عنه ـ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ “ الْعُمْرَةُ إِلَى الْعُمْرَةِ كَفَّارَةٌ لِمَا بَيْنَهُمَا، وَالْحَجُّ الْمَبْرُورُ لَيْسَ لَهُ جَزَاءٌ إِلاَّ الْجَنَّةُ ”.
(SAHIH AL BUKHARI)
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “(The performance of) `Umrah is an expiation for the sins committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise.”
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How to perform Umrah
Here’s a detailed guide;
- If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for ‘Umrah, he should shed his clothing and bathe as he would after sexual defilement, if convenient.
- He should perfume his head and beard with the best oil he can find. There is no harm in what remains of it after Ihram.
- Bathing for Ihram is Sunnah for both men and women, including menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding. After bathing and preparing himself, a. pilgrim, other than those menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, prays the obligatory prayer, if it is time. Otherwise, he makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rak’ah which are made each time Wudu’ is performed.
- To make Niyat intention:
- “O Allah! I intend to perform Umrah. Please make it easy for me and accept it from me. Amen.”
لَبَّيْكَ اللهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ – لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ – إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالْمُلْكَ – لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ –
“Labbayka Allaahumma labbayk, labbayka laa shareeka laka labbayk. Inna al-hamd wa’l-ni’mata laka wa’l-mulk, laa shareeka lak.
“Here I am for ‘Umrah, here I am, Oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partner.”
A man raises his voice when saying this and a woman says it so that only one beside her may hear her. One in Ihram should say the Talbiyah as often as possible, especially when times and places change.
One should say the Talbiyah during ‘Umrah, starting from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts Tawaf. During Hajj he should say it starting from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts to stone Jamrat Al-Aqabah on the Eid day.
When a pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque he puts forth his right foot first and says:
“In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah. Oh Allah, forgive me my sins and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan.”
He approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If this isn’t possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it. It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by other people.
When touching the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following:
“In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest. Oh, Allah, with faith in you, belief in Your book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).”
A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Ka’bah on his left. When he reaches the Ar-Rukn Al-Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say:
“Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell fire. Oh Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health in this life and in the Hereafter.”
Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say:
“Allah is the Greatest.”
During the remainder of his Tawaf he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allah, and recitation of Quran. This is because Tawaf, Sa’i, and Stoning the Jamrah have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allah. During this Tawaf it is necessary for a man to do two things:
- Al-ldhteba’ from the beginning of Tawaf until the end. Al-ldhteba’ means placing the middle of one’s Rida’ under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder. When he is finished performing Tawaf, he may return his Rida’ to its original state because the time for Idhteba’ is only during Tawaf.
- Al-Ramal during the first three circuits. Al-Ramal means speeding up one’s pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits.
When he completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he approaches Maqam Ibrahim and recites:
And take ye the station of Abraham as a place of Prayer.Noble Quran 2:125
He prays two short Rak’ah, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam Ibrahim. During the first Rak’at he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Noble Quran, 109] and during the second one Surah Al-lkhlas [Noble Quran, 112]. When he completes the two Rak’ah he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient.
He goes out to the Mas’a and when he nears As-Safa he recites:
Verily As-Safa and Al-Marwah are among the shrines of Allah. Noble Quran 2:158
He ascends As-Safa until he is able to see the Ka’bah. Facing the Ka’bah and raising his hands, he praises Allah and makes any supplications he chooses. The Prophet (peace be upon him) prayed thus:
“There is no Deity but Allah alone,” three times, supplicating in between. He descends As-Safa and heads for Al-Marwah at a normal pace until he reaches the green marker. He should then run fast until the next green marker. He continues toward Al-Marwah at a normal pace. When he reaches it, he ascends it, faces the Qiblah, raises his hands and repeats what he said on As-Safa. He descends Al-Marwah heading towards As-Safa, taking care to walk where walking is designated, and run where running is designated. He continues this procedure until he completes seven laps.
Going from As-Safa to Al-Marwah is a lap and returning is another lap. During his Sa’i he may recite what he wills of supplications, recitation of Quran, and mentioning Allah. In completion of Sa’i he shaves his head.
A woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip. Shaving is preferable, except when Hajj is near and there isn’t sufficient time for hair to grow back. In this case it’s best to clip so that hair will remain for shaving during Hajj.
With that, ‘Umrah is completed. and a pilgrim is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations,etc.
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